Native Plants for Birds and Butterflies

Fruits for Birds  •  Seeds for Birds  •  Nectar Plants for Hummingbirds
Nectar Plants for ButterfliesFood Plants for Butterfly Larvae

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Fruits for Birds

Botanical name Common name

SHRUBS/TREES

Amelanchier alnifolia serviceberry
Cornus sericea red osier dogwood
Crataegus douglasii Douglas hawthorn
Lonicera involucrata twinberry
Mahonia aquifolium tall mahonia
Mahonia repens creeping mahonia
Prunus emarginata bitter cherry
Prunus virginiana chokecherry
Rhamnus purshiana cascara
Ribes aureum golden currant
Ribes cereum wax currant
Ribes sanguineum red-flowering currant
Rosa nutkana Nootka rose
Rosa woodsii Wood’s rose
Rubus parviflorus thimbleberry
Sambucus spp. elderberry
Sorbus scopulina Western mountain ash
Symphoricarpus albus common snowberry
Vaccinium membranaceum black huckleberry

Seeds for Birds

Botanical name Common name

GRASSES

All native grasses including
Festuca idahoensis Idaho fescue
Koeleria cristata Junegrass
Leymus cinereus giant wildrye
Oryzopis hymenoides Indian ricegrass
Pseudoregneria spicata bluebunch wheatgrass

WILDFLOWERS

Achillea millefolium yarrow
Aquilegia formosa red columbine
Arnica cordifolia heartleaf arnica
Aster spp. asters
Balsamorhiza sagittata arrowleaf balsamroot
Chrysopsis villosa golden aster
Epilobium angustifolium fireweed
Erigeron spp. fleabanes
Eriophyllum lanatum Oregon sunshine
Gaillardia aristata blanketflower
Lomatium spp. desert parsleys
Lupinus spp. lupines
Wyethia amplexicaulis mule’s ears

SHRUBS/TREES

Acer spp. maples
Alnus incana mountain alder
Betula occidentalis water birch
Chrysothamnus nauseous rabbitbrush
Clematis ligusticifolia Western clematis
Holodiscus discolor oceanspray
Philadelphus lewisii mockorange
Populus balsamifera black cottonwood

Nectar Plants for Hummingbirds

Highly recommended plants are in bold red.

Botanical name Common name

WILDFLOWERS

Aquilegia formosa red columbine
Asclepias speciosa showy milkweed
Castilleja spp. Indian paintbrush
Epilobium angustifolium fireweed
Eriogonum spp. wild buckwheats
Ipomopsis aggregata scarlet gilia
Lupinus spp. lupines
Mimulus spp. monkeyflowers
Monardella odoratissima coyote mint
Penstemon spp. penstemons
Sphaeralcea munroana orange globemallow

SHRUBS/TREES

Amelanchier alnifolia serviceberry
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi kinnikinnick
Clematis ligusticifolia Western clematis
Crataegus douglasii Douglas hawthorn
Cornus sericea red osier dogwood
Holodiscus discolor oceanspray
Lonicera ciliosa orange honeysuckle
Lonicera involucrata twinberry
Mahonia spp. Oregon grape
Philadelphus lewisii mockorange
Rhamnus purshiana cascara
Ribes spp. currants
Rosa spp. roses
Rubus parviflorus thimbleberry
Salvia dorrii purple sage
Sambucus spp. elderberry
Symphoricarpus albus common snowberry
Vaccinium spp. huckleberries

Nectar Plants for Butterflies

Highly recommended plants are in bold red.

Botanical name Common name Butterflies attracted

WILDFLOWERS

Achillea millefolium yarrow
Anaphalis margaritacea pearly everlasting
Asclepias speciosa showy milkweed
Aster spp. asters orange sulphur
Balsamorhiza sagittata arrowleaf balsamroot
Chrysopsis villosa golden aster
Erigeron spp. fleabanes
Eriogonum spp. wild buckwheats wood nymphs
Eriophyllum lanatum Oregon sunshine
Gaillardia aristata blanketflower
Ipomopsis aggregata scarlet gilia
Lomatium spp. desert parsleys swallowtails
Lupinus spp. lupines
Mimulus spp. monkeyflowers
Monardella odoratissima coyote mint
Penstemon spp. penstemons anise swallowtail
Phlox spp. phlox
Wyethia amplexicaulis mule’s ears

SHRUBS/TREES

Ceanothus spp. ceanothus, snowbrush
Chrysothamnus nauseous rabbitbrush painted lady
Clematis ligusticifolia Western clematis
Crataegus douglasii Douglas hawthorn
Cornus sericea red osier dogwood orange sulphur
Holodiscus discolor oceanspray pale swallowtail
Lonicera ciliosa orange honeysuckle
Lonicera involucrata twinberry
Mahonia spp. Oregon grape painted lady
Philadelphus lewisii mockorange tiger swallowtail
Prunus spp. cherries many, incl. hairstreaks, elfins, Sara orangetip
Purshia tridentata bitterbrush
Rosa spp. roses
Salix spp. willows mourning cloak, Milbert’s tortoiseshell
Salvia dorrii purple sage
Sambucus spp. elderberry
Spiraea spp. hardhack, spirea

Food Plants for Butterfly Larvae

Highly recommended plants are in bold red.

Botanical name Common name Comment

GRASSES

Many spp. skippers, common wood nymph

WILDFLOWERS

Anaphalis margaritacea pearly everlasting painted lady
Asclepias spp. milkweeds monarch
Compositae sunflower family painted lady
Eriogonum spp. wild buckwheats
Lomatium spp. desert parsleys swallowtails
Lupinus spp. lupines blues
Penstemon spp. penstemons checkerspots

SHRUBS/TREES

Acer spp. maples tiger swallowtail
Alnus incana mountain alder pale swallowtail
Amelanchier alnifolia serviceberry
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi kinnikinnick brown elfin
Betula occidentalis water birch
Ceanothus spp. ceanothus, snowbrush brown elfin, California tortoiseshell
Crataegus douglasii Douglas hawthorn pale swallowtail, mourning cloak
Cornus sericea red osier dogwood
Holodiscus discolor oceanspray pale swallowtail, brown elfin
Philadelphus lewisii mock orange tiger swallowtail
Pinus spp. pines pine white, Western pine elfin
Populus balsamifera black cottonwood tiger swallowtail, mourning cloak, Lorquin’s admiral
Populus tremuloides quaking aspen tiger swallowtail, mourning cloak, Lorquin’s admiral
Prunus spp. cherries swallowtails, Lorquin’s admiral
Pseudotsuga menziesii Douglas fir pine white
Purshia tridentata bitterbrush hairstreaks
Rhamnus purshiana cascara
Ribes spp. currants pale swallowtail
Rosa spp. roses mourning cloak
Salix spp. willows tiger swallowtail, mourning cloak, Lorquin’s admiral
Spiraea spp. hardhack, spirea
Symphoricarpos albus common snowberry varialbe checkerspot

To check availability and get more information on our plants for birds and butterflies, note the species name, then reference the appropriate plant category.

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