Click on the species name to see photographs of the plant from various sources, including Turner Photographic’s Wildflowers of the Pacific Northwest and the Washington Native Plant Society.

NamesHeightExposureDrought TolerantCommentContainer Sizes
Amelanchier alnifolia
8-14′S, PSHXMulti-stemmed shrub with white flowers in early spring, blue berries, yellow fall foliage40ci, #1, #2
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
3’+ wide
S, PSHXGround-hugging evergreen plant. Glossy green leaves, pink flowers, red berries3″, #1
Artemisia tridentata ssp. tridentata
big sagebrush
4-6′SXXMost widespread sagebrush. Beautiful gray-green, fragrant foliage, semi-evergreen.10ci, 40ci, #1
Ceanothus sanguineus
redstem ceanothus
6-9′S, PSHXWhite flowers, scented, reddish stems. Deciduous and nitrogen fixer 10ci, 40ci, #1
Ceanothus velutinus
snowbrush ceanothus
4-7′SXEvergreen shrub with glossy green leaves. White flowers in pyramidal clusters. Nitrogen fixer.10ci, 40ci, #1
Chrysothamnus viscidiflorus
green rabbitbrush
1.5-4′SXXMounding, many stemmed shrub from dry areas of E WA, dense yellow flower masses in late summer-fall 40ci, #1
Clematis ligusticifolia
Western clematis
S, PSHXVigorous, climbing vine with small white flowers in spring, followed by fluffy seed heads 40ci, #1
Cornus stolonifera
red osier dogwood
8-16′S, PSHMulti-stemmed shrub, red bark, white flower clusters, followed by white berries. Fast growing in moist sites. 40ci, #1, #2
Dasiphora fruticosa
shrubby cinquefoil
2-3′S, PSHXBright yellow flowers for several months, velvety leaves 40ci, #1, #2
Ericameria nauseosa
gray rabbitbrush
3′SXXVery drought tolerant, fine grayish foliage, yellow flowers in fall. Late season nectar source for butterflies. 40ci, #1
Frangula purshiana
15-20′S, PSHLarge shrub (in E WA) with attractive form and foliage. Blue-black fruits, bird attractive40ci, #1, #2
Holodiscus discolor
6-8′S, PSHXLoose, creamy flower plumes May-June. Forest shrub, reddish fall foliage.40ci, #1, #2
Lonicera involucrata
3-6′S, PSHDeciduous. Yellow flowers followed by shiny black “twinberries”. Hummingbird plant. From moist areas. 40ci, #1
Mahonia aquifolium
tall Oregon grape
4-6′S, PSHXShiny, evergreen foliage, attractive yellow flower clusters, blue berries40ci, #1, #2
Mahonia repens
creeping Oregon grape
6-20″PSH, SHXLow-growing evergreen similar to tall Oregon grape, providing year round interest3″, 40ci, #1
Philadelphus lewisii
6-8′S, PSHXShrub with bright green leaves, turns yellow in fall; large, showy fragrant white flowers 40ci, #1, #2
Physocarpus capitatus
Pacific ninebark
6-12′S, PSHMountain forest shrub of moist places, shiny green leaves and white flowers in snowball clusters40ci, #1, #2
Prunus emarginata
bitter cherry
8-15′S, PSHXWhite flowers, pea-sized bright red fruits good for birds, other wildlife. Shrubby interior WA variety 40ci, #1
Prunus virginiana
10-15′S, PSHLarge shrub or small tree; pendant clusters of white flowers, then purple-black cherries. Wildlife food. 40ci, #1, #2, #5
Purshia tridentata
3-6′SXXSemi-evergreen shrub, very drought tolerant. Small yellow flowers in spring, nitrogen fixer10ci, 40ci, #1
Rhus glabra
smooth sumac
6-10′S, PSHXXFast-growing shrub with showy red fruits and brilliant orange-red fall color. Spreads to form clumps. 40ci, #1, #2
Ribes aureum
golden currant
6-8′S, PSHXShowy yellow flowers in spring, followed by bright green leaves, yellow, red or black berries. 40ci, #1, #2
Ribes cereum
wax currant
3-5′SXXPink flowers, orange berries; very drought-tolerant40ci, #1
Ribes sanguineum
red-flowering currant
4-6′S, PSHXLovely red flower clusters, black berries, bright green maple-like leaves. First to bloom in spring.40ci, #1
Rosa nutkana
Nootka rose
5-7′S, PSHSolitary pink flowers, 2″ across, followed by large red-orange hips. Strongly rhizomatous, forms thickets.40ci, #1, #2
Rosa woodsii
Wood’s rose
4-6′S, PSHXPink flowers in groups of 3-5, scarlet hips. Forms thickets. Most drought-tolerant rose40ci, #1, #2
Rubus leucodermis
3-6′S, PSHPrickly shrub with long, arching stems and delicious black fruits40ci, #1
Rubus parviflorus
4-5′PSH, SHLarge, bright green, maple-like leaves, white flowers in spring, red edible berries.40ci, #1, #2
Salix amygdaloides
peach-leaf willow
16-30′SLarge, riparian willow with yellow twigs40ci, #1, #2
Salix exigua
coyote willow
8-15′S, PSHFast-growing riparian species, with narrow, silvery leaves40ci, #1, #2
Salix lasiandra
Pacific willow
12-25′S, PSHRiparian species with yellow twigs and slender green leaves. Forms a large shrub or small tree.40ci, #1, #2
Salix prolixa
Mackenzie willow
10-24′S, PSHUpland willow, found near seasonal waterways. Reddish-brown twigs.40ci, #1, #2
Salix scouleriana
Scouler’s willow
10-30′S, PSHXUpland species, most drought-tolerant willow. Rapid growth, good for naturalizing, restoration.40ci, #1, #2
Salix sitchensis
Sitka willow
8-16′S, PSHRiparian willow found from low to middle elevations in the mountains 40i, #1
Salvia dorrii
purple sage
2-3′SXXBeautiful, purple flowers, gray-green foliage in a rounded mound. Very fragrant. Very drought-tolerant.10ci, 27ci
Sambucus cerulea
blue elderberry
10-20′S, PSHXWhite, flat flower heads 5-8″ across June-Aug, blue berries Aug through fall; important for wildlife 40ci, #1, #2
Sorbus scopulina
Cascade mountain ash
6-10′S, PSHMulti-stemmed shrub with pinnate leaves, white flower clusters, orange-scarlet fruits, red fall color 40ci, #1
Spiraea douglasii
Douglas spirea, hardhack
3-5′S, PSHSmall shrub, growing naturally in clumps in moist areas. Rose-pink flower plumes in June-July.40ci, #1
Spiraea lucida
shinyleaf spirea
1-2′S, PSHXLow, spreading shrub. White flat top flower clusters, shiny birch-like leaves. 40ci, #1
Spiraea splendens
rosy spirea
1-2′S, PSHSmall shrub with dense, pink-rose flower clusters from high in mountains, summer bloomer 40ci, #1
Symphoricarpus albus
common snowberry
3-4′S, PSHXFast-growing shrub. Small pink/white flowers, large white berries persist into winter. Rhizomatous.40ci, #1, #2
Viburnum opulus var. americanum
highbush cranberry
3-8′S, PSHShrub from moist sites with bright red, tart berries and crimson fall color40ci, #1

 S=Sun, PSH=Partial Shade, SH=Shade

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Click on the species name to see photographs of the plant from various sources, including Turner Photographic’s Wildflowers of the Pacific Northwest and the Washington Native Plant Society.